Focus Experience 36
The Barcelona Superblock is articulated as a comprehensive plan that aims to foster the equitable, healthy, safe and sustainable use of urban space.
An urban model to foster sustainable mobility and quality of life in the city
To achieve this, a hierarchy of roads has been established according to their connectivity, functionality and size: main roads, local or secondary roads, and residential roads. Motorised and essential traffic (prioritising public transport, freight transport and fast-moving bicycles) principally circulate on main roads and, to a lesser extent, on secondary roads. On residential roads, motorised traffic and kerbside parking for vehicles is kept to a minimum, and pedestrians and slow-moving bicycles are given preference.
With this new organisation of mobility, space is freed up for other public uses such as walking, resting, playing and community activities, and green areas are expanded. Thus, a city of Superblocks is drawn out, with residential roads framed by the main roads that provide access. The model proactively involves citizens in all phases of implementation and helps to generate behavioural changes in favour of sustainability and health.